Soundings and Crossings
Doing Science at Sea: 1800–1970
Katharine Anderson, Helen M. Rozwadowski
978-0-88135-144-6 Soundings and Crossing

Soundings and Crossings

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements xi Preface Moving Targets xv Eric L. Mills Introduction Soundings and Crossings 1 Katharine Anderson and Helen M. Rozwadowski Section I Disciplining the Ocean Environment Every Ship a Floating Observatory Matthew Fontaine Maury and the Acquisition of Knowledge at Sea 17 Penelope K. Hardy The Surveyor’s St Lawrence Route Science and Survey Work 49 Megan Barford Pacific Islands and the Problem of Theorizing The U.S. Exploring Expedition from Fieldwork to Publication 79 Alistair Sponsel A Conflict of Interests How International Marine Science Practices Shaped the Nineteenth-century Biotic Debate 113 Rodolfo John Alaniz Section II Defining Ocean Space for a New Century The Hybrid Shore The Marine Station Movement and Scientific Uses of the Littoral, 1843–1910 145 Antony Adler Stations and Statistics Paulus Hoek and the Transnational Discipline of Ocean Biology, 1871–1914 179 Robert-Jan Wille Marine Meteorology Observing Regimes and Global Visions, 1918–1939 213 Katharine Anderson viii Section III Scientific Values at Sea Imagining the Ocean Marine Artists and Our Visions of the Marine World 245 Samantha Muka Protecting Underwater Scientists The Scripps Model in the History of Scientific Diving, 1949–1985 277 Jennifer A. Martin Science, the Media and Development The International Indian Ocean Expedition, 1959–1965 315 Franziska Torma Bibliography of Works by Eric L. Mills 345 Index 357