The Science-Industry Nexus
History, Policy, Implications
Nobel Symposium 123

Grandin, Karl, Nina Wormbs, Anders Lundgren, and Sven Widmalm, Editors

2004, 480 pages, illustrated, ISBN 0-88135-365-5, $54.95

The Science-Industry Nexus


“…With more than twenty essays dealing with a diverse set of issues from innovation case studies to explorations of the linear model’s provenance and social function, the book’s contents cannot adequately be described here. Suffice it to say, it is worth a closer look by scholars with an interest in the social condition of science and technology today.”—BJHS, 9/2006

“…There is a lot of ground covered in the more than 400 pages of this volume, and I suspect that any reader of Technology and Culture will find something useful here.”—Daniel Lee Kleinman, Technology and Culture

“…Trying to make up for lost time, 22 contributors in this weighty 450-page text largely focus on the question: is it meaningful to understand industrial research as a component of a linear path from basic science on the one end to marketed products on the other? This linear model has come under fire before from economists, historians, and policy experts; in fact, the literature depicting it as a straw man greatly exceeds that of its defendants…So what do the remarkable set of historians and sociologists assembled in this book suggest? While it is not unusual to see historians and sociologists affecting national policies on education and welfare, science and technology policies still rely most heavily on experts with scientific credentials… Intriguingly, papers in the volume then examine the ways in which research itself has been industrialized. The ‘triple helix’ of relations linking academe, industry, and government is at the core of new regimes for generating knowledge and commodities, and knowledge as a commodity…elegantly designed and has a good index for an edited volume…”—Chemical Heritage; History and Technology

Table of Contents


From the Linear Model to the Triple Helix and Beyond

Industrial Research

The Linear Model, the U.S. Department of Defense, and the Golden Age of Industrial Research – GLEN R. ASNER

“The Linear Model” Did not Exist
Reflections on the History and Historiography of Science and Research in Industry in the Twentieth Century – DAVID EDGERTON

Industrial Research

The Industrialization of Research

The Triple Helix and the Rise of the Entrepreneurial University – HENRY ETZKOWITZ

How Social Science is Colored by Its Research Tools or What’s Behind the Different Interpretations of a Growing “Biotech Valley”? – ALEXANDRA WALUSZEWSKI

Changing Patterns of Usefulness of University Research
Opportunities and Dangers – KEITH PAVITT

The Industrialization of Research
In Praise of Specificity – JOHN KRIGE

Physics and Chemistry of Life

The Industrialization of Radioisotopes by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission – ANGELA N. H. CREAGER

The Invisible Industrialist
The Technological Dynamics of 20th-Century Biological Research – JEAN-PAUL GAUDILLIÈRE

Paradigms in the Evolution of Life Sciences Research, and the Changing Structure of the Innovative Organization – VIVIEN WALSH

Physics and Chemistry of Life

Relating Science and Industry after the Linear Model

The Structure of Technological Evolutions
Linear Models, Configurations, and Systems of Development – JAMES FLECK

Beyond Linear Models
Science, Technology, and Processes of Change   – THOMAS J. MISA

The New Production of Reductionism in Models Relating to Research Policy – AANT ELZINGA

Relating Science, Technology, and Industry after the Linear Model – DONALD MACKENZIE

Does History of Science Have Policy Implications?

History of Science and Policy Implications in a Developing Country Setting – HEBE VESSURI

Who is the Industrial Scientist?
Commentary from Academic Sociology and from the Shop-Floor in the United States, ca. 1900—ca. 1970   – STEVEN SHAPIN

The History of Science, the Public, and the “Problem” of Policy
Some Reflections from the United Kingdom   – JEFF HUGHES

Does History of Science Have Policy Implications? – HELGA NOWOTNY

Future Histories of Science and Technology

The Trials and Promise of a Web-History of Materials Research – ARNE HESSENBRUCH

Preservation and Access Issues in Contemporary Scientific Archives
An Archivist’s View  – PETER HARPER

Concluding Remarks

Science, technology, history and Society—What is the Problem? – HÅKON WITH ANDERSEN

Notes on Contributors